Posts Tagged ‘‘South America’


Peru: The Wonders of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization and it is one of Peru’s greatest man-made treasures having been preserved and untouched by the Spaniards when they came rumbling through South America. The ancient site has been voted as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. It has also been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

the trip to machu picchu

You can save a lot of time in visiting Machu Picchu if you fly direct to Cusco from some Central and South American cities thereby missing Lima which is actually too good to pass.  Otherwise, if you are coming in from the U.S. mainland, you need to fly to Lima first and then fly to Cusco like we did. (You can click here for my blog on colorful and bustling Lima.) You can either base yourself in Aguas Calientes area at the base of Machu Picchu or Cusco or the Sacred Valley which is two hours away from Machu Picchu. We stayed in a hotel in Cusco for a few days and we just allotted a whole day tour of Machu Picchu.

We left our hotel in Cusco very early in the morning for our 8 a.m. train ride to Aguas Calientes originating from Poroy train station, 30 minutes taxi ride away from the city central. We have arranged with our driver the day earlier at the Cusco airport for the taxi ride to Poroy.  The hotel staff in Cusco can also help you pre-book a taxi or get one on the spot.

DSC_0394Our train was on time for its departure.  For the train, you can choose between the cheaper Vistadome and the more expensive and luxurious Expedetion.  You can book train tickets directly at PeruRail website.



Breakfast of pancakes and fruits with coffee or tea was served during the 112-km, 3-hour trip from Cusco to Aguas Calientes.  [As of this writing the 112-km trip has been divided into a combination of train and bus bimodal service from January 2015 to April 2015 only.]


DSC_0402 DSC_0411Through the train’s huge large and transparent windows and ceiling, we enjoyed the view on our way to Aguas Calientes.



arrival at aguas calientes


Finally, we arrived at the Puente Ruinas train station at the end of the laid back town of Aguas Calientes.  You can opt to base yourself here for a few days if you want to explore more of the neighboring attractions like the Sunday Market.

We were greeted by the travel agency representative from whom we had bought bus tickets in advance.  We were led to the bus queue going up Machu Picchu. The bus is just one of the options for you to reach Machu Picchu from the train station. Another option would be to hike around 3km for around 45 mins up to Machu Picchu. Since we did not have much time, we  decided to take the one day tour and go up via the bus ride. The bus would leave every 10 minutes. The more adventurous travelers can join the 1-day or 3-day hike via the famous Inca Trail.



the ascent to machu picchu



The view going up 7,970 feet above sea level was absolutely breathtaking and at the same time spine-chilling.  The winding roads do not have side protection and you could see the sceneries below directly from your bus seat.



We arrived at the entrance of Machu Picchu after 20 minutes. We waited for our tour guide to call our names at the time we were scheduled to enter. When purchasing the entrance ticket, you would need to select the time of your entry to the site. Do not risk of getting no entrance tickets to Machu Picchu especially if you are only one a one-day tour so book in advance.  Take note that the number of visitors are limited per day at certain time allocations. You can book at this website.



the machu picchu ruins

DSC_0433 DSC_0441

Our tour by the English-speaking guide started at the side of the ancient site overlooking a spectacular mountain range.


DSC_0454There were around 20 tourists with us. It was actually raining when we started the tour but as the tour guide told us, rain in Machu Picchu is just always passing and do not be disappointed as the skies will clear in a few minutes after a sudden rainfall. I suggest that you bring a disposable raincoat with you. There are also umbrellas being sold at the site entrance that you can use to protect yourself from both the sun and the rain.


DSC_0446 DSC_0448

Machu Picchu was built in classic Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls.


DSC_0455 DSC_0456

We then started to descend for a lower view of the ruins. I was actually starting to get bored halfway through the tour as I wanted to go up immediately to the highest point where the classic view of the site of the ruins could be taken.



DSC_0470 DSC_0523

In a few minutes we started to go up.


DSC_0458 DSC_0457

I was really awestruck at the ruins and the layout.



Finally, the classic Machu Picchu shot!


DSC_0494 DSC_0505 DSC_0490

Machu Picchu ruins and myself.



We were truly thankful for the excellent weather and safe travels.



Alpacas abound in the area and they have been giving nature accent to the surroundings.



And it was time to go and catch our train ride back to Cusco.

It was truly a dream come true for me to visit Machu Picchu.  The entire trip was challenging from planning to booking especially the connections from Lima to Cusco to Aguas Calientes/Machu Picchu but everything was indeed worth it.












Peru: Bustling Lima

With almost 9 million inhabitants, Lima is Peru’s bustling megacapital.  We stayed in the city just for a few days and blitzed right past it on our way back from Cusco and Machu Picchu but during the short stay it captivated me through its colorful squares and historic buildings (lovely both during the day and at night), its warm people and exotic food.


Lima’s urban section has a mind-boggling land area of 300 square miles but one should not worry as the city’s main attractions are clustered together on certain areas and they would just be walking distance or a short drive away from each other. As with other big cities, there are dangerous areas that a visitor must avoid. The very helpful and nice cab drivers warned us of the few places that tourists should not venture into especially streets in the city center. The following places that we visited were definitely safe and they were just beautiful.

Plaza de Armas  

It was easy to fall in love with the city’s main square.  On its four sides, are interesting monuments to behold. Also known as Plaza Mayor, Plaza de Armas is at the heart of the Historic Center of Lima, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This was the only site in Lima where I took photos at both day and night.


The Cathedral of Lima is an immense Roman Catholic baroque church on Plaza Armas’ east side.



It was built in 1564 and it was designed by Francisco Pizzaro who conquered the Incas, founded Lima and whose tomb is inside the church.



The church has undergone extensive repairs twice due to damages from earthquakes.



Adjacent to the cathedral to its left is the Archbishop’s Palace, the residence of the cardinal of Peru and the archbishop of Lima.



Moving counterclockwise from the Archbishop’s Palace, to the north of Plaza Mayor is the Government Palace also known as House of Pizzaro.  It was the house of the government headquarters when erected in 1535.



It is recognizable by the large wrought iron fence that surrounds the building.



At night, the Government Palace is lit up to contribute to the dazzling display of lights around and inside Plaza Mayor.



The whole plaza becomes magical at night with all the structures lighted up and with horse drawn carriages and open trains plying around the area.



This is the Archbishop’s Palace at night.




To the west and south of Plaza Mayor are the Municipal Palace and Palace of the Union.



At the western side of the plaza in front of the Municipal Palace is the Fountain of Viceroy Garcia Sarmiento de Sotomayor Count of Salavatierra.



A night visit of Plaza Mayor is a must when in Lima.


Jiron de la Union 


Although it has lost its aristocratic charm through the years, Jiron de la Union is still Downtown Lima’s most colorful and most important boulevard.



Located at the Historic Center of Lima it connects Plaza Mayor with Plaza San Martin.



Boutiques and stores for window-shopping, restaurants and cafes for bar-hoppers line up at either side of the street and throngs of people stroll by the lively thoroughfare.



Along Jiron de la Union are classic buildings that still retained their original functions like churches…..



…or those now serving for contemporary use like malls.


Plaza San Martin

Walking southwest along Jiron de la Union from Plaza de Armas, one will reach Plaza San Martin.


The monument at its center was built to give honor to Peru’s liberator, José de San Martín, an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America’s successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire.




The Plaza San Martin is surrounded by well preserved Republican buildings influenced by the French architectural style typical in Lima at the beginning of the 20th century. 



Just opposite the square you find the old, famous and most elegant hotel in Lima, the Gran Hotel Bolivar.


Church of San Francisco  

Around three blocks walk away from Plaza Mayor is Church of San Francisco.

DSC_0614 DSC_0617

You will pass by colorful buildings and stores along the way.  This is still part of the Historic Center of Lima.


DSC_0638 DSC_0619

The Church of San Francisco is one of the best preserved colonial churches in Lima. Most people go to San Francisco, however, for its catacombs. The catacombs were actually part of Lima’s original cemeteries, which were built under churches. Tour guides say an estimated 75,000 bodies are buried under San Francisco alone, and many of the remains are exposed, stacked in strange patterns in circular stone pits. A catacomb tour is not for the the claustrophobic so we did not do this tour.



The church can be easily recognized with the swarm of pigeons on the patio out front.



Along the seawalk in the Miraflores district is Larcomar, a multilevel, modern entertainment, food and shopping megacomplex that caters to most tastes.


Larcomar cannot be easily seen as the entire complex is built into a cliffside, underneath Miraflores — the entrance across the street from the JW Marriott hotel; take the stairs down just before you get to the cliff’s edge.



Larcomar has breathtaking ocean views, which you can enjoy from numerous restaurants offering Peruvian fare, as well as several American franchises serving everything from doughnuts to ribs.





We chose Hotel Antigua Milaflores, a reasonably-priced, quaint and very charming inn in one of Lima’s nicest suburbs, Miraflores. It is located near Lima’s best restaurants, vibrant nightlife, finest shopping, charming parks and beautiful oceanfront boardwalk.  It is a short 25-min cab ride to the Historic Center of Lima.




The tasteful decor of the hotel’s ground floor lobbies welcomes everyone into this elegant hotel.




At the far end of the hotel is its own restaurant offering a great selection of beverages, breakfast options, Peruvian dishes, coffee and deserts.


DSC_0552 DSC_0553

The restaurant is not a bad option if one does not feel dining outside the hotel anymore.



We were given a very spacious Colonial room with charming decor.



I loved the handcrafted wooden furniture and the free and very fast wifi.



The view from our room was the fountain in the middle of a tiny garden. Staying at this hotel was a respite from the generic “glass and steel” hotel experience.




Recently, Lima has been riding a wave of growing fame for its gustatory pleasures. You must not leave Lima without tasting its signature dish, ceviche.



Ceviche is a tangy plate of raw fish marinated in lime juice and ajíes, or hot chili peppers. The mouth-watering dish is the star of Peru’s culinary repertoire. Limeños crowd lunch-only neighborhood holes-in-the-wall (cevicherías) for their ceviche fix and the best can be found in Miraflores.



An appetizing ‘lomo saltado’ (sauteed beef tenderloin) is one of the most typical dishes of Peruvian creole food. It is prepared with chunks of beef tenderloin marinated in vinegar, soy sauce, peppers and other spices.



Lima’s cultural marriages – a mix of Spanish, African, Chinese and Japanese – is reflected in its culinary fusion. Limeño cuisine encompasses spicy creole dishes, Nikkei (2nd-generation Japanese), and chifa (a Peruvian twist on Chinese).


DSC_0587The long Pacific coast is notable less for its beaches than the endless bounty of fresh seafood that makes it to markets and restaurant tables.



Lastly, like Peruvian coffee, Lima was flavorful.  I have to taste it to prove it. Its aroma, acidity and body play in harmony so that no one element predominates at the expense of another. It’s a city shrouded in history, gloriously messy and full of aesthetic delights. Thank God we did not miss it!




winairtravel’s posts

Posts by Countries

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 149 other followers

Blog Stats

  • 231,042 hits